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Integrate into Existing Project

If you already have an existing web project, this guide will walk you through integrating Tauri into your project, whether it is Node.js-based (like Svelte, React, Vue, or Angular) or Rust-based (like Yew or Dominator).

info

Before we continue, make sure you have completed the prerequisites to have a working development environment.

Although Tauri is compatible with nearly any frontend framework, we'll use a React project throughout this guide created using create-react-app. We'll be assuming you're starting with a project structure similar to this:

.
│── package.json
│── public
β”‚ ╰── index.html
╰── src
│── App.css
│── App.jsx
│── index.css
╰── index.js

Create the Rust Project​

At the heart of every Tauri app is a Rust binary that manages windows, the webview, and calls to the operating system through a Rust crate called tauri. This project is managed by Cargo, the official package manager and general-purpose build tool for Rust.

Our Tauri CLI uses Cargo under the hood so you rarely need to interact with it directly. Cargo has many more useful features that are not exposed through our CLI, such as testing, linting, and formatting, so please refer to their official docs for more.

Install Tauri CLI

If you haven't installed the Tauri CLI yet you can do so with one of the below commands. Aren't sure which to use? Check out the FAQ entry.

npm install --save-dev @tauri-apps/cli
For npm to detect Tauri correctly you need to add it to the "scripts" section in your package.json file:
package.json
"scripts": {
"tauri": "tauri"
}

To scaffold a minimal Rust project that is pre-configured to use Tauri, open a terminal and run the following command:

npm run tauri init

It will walk you through a series of questions:

  1. What is your app name?
    This will be the name of your final bundle and what the OS will call your app. You can use any name you want here.

  2. What should the window title be?
    This will be the title of the default main window. You can use any title you want here.

  3. Where are your web assets (HTML/CSS/JS) located relative to the <current dir>/src-tauri/tauri.conf.json file that will be created?
    This is the path that Tauri will load your frontend assets from when building for production.
    For the project example in this guide, this is ../build. Note that it may be something different like ../dist if you're using a different framework.

  4. What is the URL of your dev server?
    This can be either a URL or a file path that Tauri will load during development.
    For the project example in this guide, this is http://localhost:3000. Note that it may be something different (or even a directory) if you're using a different framework.

  5. What is your frontend dev command?
    This is the command used to start your frontend dev server.
    For the project example in this guide, this is npm run dev (be sure to adapt to use your package manager of choice).

  6. What is your frontend build command?
    This is the command to build your frontend files.
    For the project example in this guide, this is npm run build (be sure to adapt to use your package manager of choice).
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If you're familiar with Rust, you will notice that tauri init looks and works a lot like cargo init. You can just use cargo init and add the necessary Tauri dependencies if you prefer a fully manual setup.

The tauri init command generates a folder called src-tauri. It's a convention for Tauri apps to place all core-related files into this folder. Let's quickly run through the contents of this folder:

  • Cargo.toml
    Cargo's manifest file. You can declare Rust crates your app depends on, metadata about your app, and much more. For the full reference see Cargo's Manifest Format.

  • tauri.conf.json
    This file lets you configure and customize aspects of your Tauri application from the name of your app to the list of allowed APIs. See Tauri's API Configuration for the full list of supported options and in-depth explanations for each.

  • src/main.rs
    This is the entry point to your Rust program and the place where we bootstrap into Tauri. You will find two sections in it:

    src/main.rs
     #![cfg_attr(
    all(not(debug_assertions), target_os = "windows"),
    windows_subsystem = "windows"
    )]

    fn main() {
    tauri::Builder::default()
    .run(tauri::generate_context!())
    .expect("error while running tauri application");
    }

    The line beginning with cfg! macro serves just one purpose: it disables the command prompt window that would normally pop up on Windows if you run a bundled app. If you're on Windows, try to comment it out and see what happens.

    The main function is the entry point and the first function that gets invoked when your program runs.

  • icons
    Chances are you want a snazzy icon for your app! To get you going quickly, we included a set of default icons. You should switch these out before publishing your application. Learn more about the various icon formats in Tauri's icons feature guide.

And that's it, you have now added Tauri to your existing project and you should see a src-tauri directory that looks something like this:

│── package.json
│── public
β”‚ ╰── index.html
│── src
β”‚ │── App.css
β”‚ │── App.jsx
β”‚ │── index.css
β”‚ ╰── index.js
╰── src-tauri
│── Cargo.toml
│── build.rs
│── icons
│── src
╰── tauri.conf.json

Invoke Commands​

Tauri lets you enhance your frontend with native capabilities. We call these Commands, essentially Rust functions that you can call from your frontend JavaScript. This enables you to handle heavy processing or calls to the OS in much more performant Rust code.

Let's make a simple example:

src-tauri/src/main.rs
#[tauri::command]
fn greet(name: &str) -> String {
format!("Hello, {}!", name)
}

A Command is just like any regular Rust function, with the addition of the #[tauri::command] attribute macro that allows your function to communicate with the JavaScript context.

Lastly, we also need to tell Tauri about our newly created command so that it can route calls accordingly. This is done with the combination of the .invoke_handler() function and the generate_handler![] macro you can see below:

src-tauri/src/main.rs
fn main() {
tauri::Builder::default()
.invoke_handler(tauri::generate_handler![greet])
.run(tauri::generate_context!())
.expect("error while running tauri application");
}

Now you're ready to call your Command from the frontend!

There are two different ways you can invoke commands from your frontend project:

  1. Using the @tauri-apps/api JavaScript library (preferred)
  2. Using withGlobalTauri to use a pre-bundled version of the Tauri API

We'll go through both below.

Using JavaScript Library​

To call our newly created command we will use the @tauri-apps/api JavaScript library. It provides access to core functionality such as windows, the filesystem, and more through convenient JavaScript abstractions. You can install it using your favorite JavaScript package manager:

npm install @tauri-apps/api

You can now import the invoke function from the library and use it to call our command:

src/App.jsx
import logo from './logo.svg';
import './App.css';

import { invoke } from '@tauri-apps/api'

function App() {
// now we can call our Command!
// Right-click the application background and open the developer tools.
// You will see "Hello, World!" printed in the console!
invoke('greet', { name: 'World' })
// `invoke` returns a Promise
.then((response) => console.log(response))

return (
// -- snip --
)
}

Using withGlobalTauri​

To interact with Tauri from your frontend without using the @tauri-apps/api JavaScript package you will need to enable withGlobalTauri in your tauri.conf.json file:

tauri.conf.json
{
"build": {
"beforeBuildCommand": "npm run build",
"beforeDevCommand": "npm run dev",
"devPath": "http://localhost:3000",
"distDir": "../build",
"withGlobalTauri": true
},

This will inject a pre-bundled version of the API functions into your frontend.

You can now modify the App.jsx file to call your command:

src/App.js
import logo from './logo.svg';
import './App.css';

// access the pre-bundled global API functions
const { invoke } = window.__TAURI__.tauri

function App() {
// now we can call our Command!
// Right-click the application background and open the developer tools.
// You will see "Hello, World!" printed in the console!
invoke('greet', { name: 'World' })
// `invoke` returns a Promise
.then((response) => console.log(response))

return (
// -- snip --
)
}

Running Your App​

You can now run the following command in your terminal to start a development build of your app:

npm run tauri dev
tip

If you want to know more about the communication between Rust and JavaScript, please read the Tauri Inter-Process Communication guide.