Tauri applications for Linux are distributed either with a Debian bundle (
.deb file) or an AppImage (
.AppImage file). The Tauri CLI automatically bundles your application code in these formats by default. Please note that
.AppImage bundles can only be created on Linux as cross-compilation doesn't work yet.
GUI apps on macOS and Linux do not inherit the
$PATH from your shell dotfiles (
.zshrc, etc). Check out Tauri's fix-path-env-rs crate to fix this issue.
To build and bundle your Tauri application into a single executable simply run the following command:
npm run tauri build
yarn tauri build
pnpm tauri build
cargo tauri build
It will build your frontend (if configured, see
beforeBuildCommand), compile the Rust binary, collect all external binaries and resources and finally produce neat platform-specific bundles and installers.
Core libraries such as glibc frequently break compatibility with older systems. For this reason, you must build your Tauri application using the oldest base system you intend to support. A relatively old system such as Ubuntu 18.04 is more suited than Ubuntu 22.04, as the binary compiled on Ubuntu 22.04 will have a higher requirement of the glibc version, so when running on an older system, you will face a runtime error like
/usr/lib/libc.so.6: version 'GLIBC_2.33' not found. We recommend using a Docker container or GitHub Actions to build your Tauri application for Linux.
See the issues tauri-apps/tauri#1355 and rust-lang/rust#57497, in addition to the AppImage guide for more information.
The stock Debian package generated by the Tauri bundler has everything you need to ship your application to Debian-based Linux distributions, defining your application's icons, generating a Desktop file, and specifying the dependencies
libgtk-3-0, along with
libappindicator3-1 if your app uses the system tray.
Tauri exposes a few configurations for the Debian package in case you need more control.
If your app depends on additional system dependencies you can specify them in
tauri.conf.json > tauri > bundle > deb > depends.
To include custom files in the Debian package, you can provide a list of files or folders in
tauri.conf.json > tauri > bundle > deb > files. The configuration object maps the path in the Debian package to the path to the file on your filesystem, relative to the
tauri.conf.json file. Here's an example configuration:
"/usr/share/README.md": "../README.md", // copies the README.md file to /usr/share/README.md
"usr/share/assets": "../assets/" // copies the entire assets directory to /usr/share/assets
If you need to bundle files in a cross-platform way, check Tauri's resource and sidecar mechanisms.
AppImage is a distribution format that does not rely on the system installed packages and instead bundles all dependencies and files needed by the application. For this reason, the output file is larger but easier to distribute since it is supported on many Linux distributions and can be executed without installation. The user just needs to make the file executable (
chmod a+x MyProject.AppImage) and can then run it (
AppImages are convenient, simplifying the distribution process if you cannot make a package targeting the distribution's package manager. Still, you should carefully use it as the file size grows from the 2-6MBs range to 70+MBs.
If your app plays audio/video you need to enable
tauri.conf.json > tauri > bundle > appimage > bundleMediaFramework. This will increase the size of the AppImage bundle to include additional
gstreamer files needed for media playback. This flag is currently only supported on Ubuntu build systems.